Is Alaska USA or Canada?

Answered by Ricardo McCardle

Alaska is a state of the United States of America, not part of Canada. It became the 49th state of the United States on January 3, 1959. While Alaska is located in close proximity to Canada, it is a separate political entity with its own government and governance.

Geographically, Alaska is situated in the northwest part of North America, with the Pacific Ocean to the south and southwest, the Arctic Ocean to the north, and Canada to the east. It shares a long land border with Canada, specifically with the Canadian provinces of Yukon Territory and British Columbia. This border stretches for approximately 1,538 miles (2,475 kilometers). The border between Alaska and Canada was established by the Alaska Boundary Treaty in 1903.

Alaska’s unique geographical location also gives it a maritime border with Russia. The Bering Strait separates Alaska from Russia’s Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. The two landmasses are separated by approximately 55 miles (89 kilometers) at their closest point. This proximity has had historical significance, especially during the Cold War era, but it is important to note that Alaska is indisputably part of the United States.

The decision for Alaska to become a state of the United States was made through a democratic process. In 1867, the United States purchased Alaska from the Russian Empire for $7.2 million in what came to be known as the Alaska Purchase. At the time, Alaska was seen as a valuable territory due to its rich natural resources, including gold, timber, and fish.

Since becoming a state, Alaska has developed its own unique culture and identity within the United States. It is known for its stunning natural landscapes, including mountains, glaciers, and vast wilderness areas. The state is also home to a diverse population, including indigenous peoples such as the Inupiat, Yupik, and Aleut, as well as settlers from various backgrounds.

Alaska is unequivocally part of the United States, not Canada. It has its own statehood, government, and borders with Canada and Russia. Alaska’s history, geography, and cultural distinctiveness contribute to its status as a unique and valued state within the United States.