Who ruled 1290 1320 CE?

Answered by James Kissner

The Khalji Dynasty, my friend, was the ruling dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate from 1290 to 1320 CE. It was a time of great power and influence, as the Khaljis made their mark on the history of India. Let me take you on a journey through this fascinating period.

The Khalji Dynasty came to power after the death of the last ruler of the Mamluk Dynasty, Jalaluddin Firuz Khalji. It was his nephew, Alauddin Khalji, who ascended the throne and became the first Khalji Sultan of Delhi. Alauddin was a strong and ambitious ruler, known for his military prowess and administrative reforms.

One of the defining characteristics of the Khalji Dynasty was their expansionist policy. Alauddin launched several military campaigns to extend his empire’s borders. His most notable conquest was that of the powerful kingdom of Gujarat, which brought immense wealth and resources to the Delhi Sultanate.

Alauddin’s military successes were partly due to his innovative military strategies. He introduced a new system of governance called the ‘iqta system,’ where powerful nobles were granted land in exchange for military service. This helped Alauddin maintain a strong and loyal army, which proved crucial in his conquests.

The Khalji Dynasty also saw significant economic reforms under Alauddin’s rule. He introduced price controls and market regulations to ensure the availability of essential goods at affordable prices. Alauddin’s policies aimed to curb hoarding and profiteering, which resulted in a more equitable distribution of resources among the common people.

Another notable ruler of the Khalji Dynasty was Muhammad bin Tughlaq, who ascended the throne in 1320 CE. Muhammad bin Tughlaq was known for his intellectual pursuits and administrative experiments. However, his reign was marred by several controversial decisions, such as the failed attempt to shift the capital of the Delhi Sultanate from Delhi to Daulatabad.

The Khalji Dynasty, overall, left a lasting impact on the history of India. Their military conquests and administrative reforms helped strengthen the Delhi Sultanate and establish it as a formidable power in the region. The Khaljis’ rule also laid the foundation for future dynasties, shaping the political landscape of India for centuries to come.

So, my friend, that’s a brief overview of the Khalji Dynasty and their rule from 1290 to 1320 CE. It was a time of great power, military conquests, and administrative reforms. The Khaljis left an indelible mark on the history of India, and their legacy is still remembered today.