Who defeated Tiamut?

Answered by Stephen Mosley

Tiamat, the primordial goddess of chaos and creation in Mesopotamian mythology, met her defeat at the hands of Marduk, the patron deity of Babylon. The battle between Tiamat and Marduk is a central event in the Enuma Elish, the Babylonian creation epic.

According to the myth, Tiamat had become enraged by the actions of the younger gods, who were causing chaos and disturbance in the world. In her fury, she decided to wage war against the gods and sought to destroy them. Tiamat gathered an army of monstrous creatures, including dragons, serpents, and other fearsome beings, to aid her in her quest for vengeance.

The gods, fearing Tiamat’s power, were unable to face her on their own. They turned to Marduk, the most powerful among them, and offered him the kingship of the gods if he could defeat Tiamat. Marduk accepted the challenge and prepared for battle.

Marduk armed himself with an array of powerful weapons and magical spells, including the “Evil Wind,” which he unleashed upon Tiamat. This wind incapacitated her, leaving her vulnerable to Marduk’s final blow.

With his bow and arrows, Marduk aimed for Tiamat’s heart and shot her, piercing her body and causing her to split in two. From Tiamat’s body, Marduk created heaven and earth. He used her eyes to create the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, her spittle to create mist and clouds, and her breasts to form mountains. Thus, the world as known to the Babylonians was formed from the remains of the defeated goddess.

Marduk’s victory over Tiamat marked the establishment of order and the reign of the younger gods. He became the supreme god of Babylon, and his victory was celebrated in annual festivals and rituals. The story of the battle between Tiamat and Marduk reflects the ancient Mesopotamian belief in the triumph of order over chaos, and the importance of a strong and just ruler to maintain stability in the world.

It was Marduk who defeated Tiamat, using his immense power and strategic abilities to vanquish the primordial goddess of chaos. His victory led to the creation of the world as known in Babylonian mythology, and established him as the supreme deity of the pantheon.