What are 3 things the nervous system does?

Answered by Jarrod Smith

The nervous system is an incredibly complex and vital system in the body, responsible for carrying out three main functions: sensory, integration, and motor. Each of these functions plays a crucial role in allowing our bodies to function properly and respond to our environment.

1. Sensory Function: The sensory function of the nervous system involves collecting information from sensory receptors located throughout the body. These receptors detect various stimuli, such as temperature, pressure, pain, and chemical changes. They are responsible for monitoring both internal and external conditions of the body. For example, when you touch a hot surface, sensory receptors in your skin send signals to your brain, which then interprets this information as heat and triggers a response to remove your hand from the surface. This sensory input helps us to perceive and understand our surroundings, allowing us to adapt and respond accordingly.

2. Integration Function: Once sensory information is collected, the nervous system integrates and processes this information to create a coordinated response. This function involves the brain and spinal cord, which act as the central processing units of the nervous system. The brain receives and analyzes sensory input, compares it to stored information, and makes decisions about how to respond. Integration also involves the coordination of information between different parts of the nervous system. For instance, if you see a ball coming towards you, your brain integrates visual information with input from your muscles, allowing you to react and catch the ball. Integration allows us to make sense of the world around us and coordinate our actions in response to stimuli.

3. Motor Function: The motor function of the nervous system involves the transmission of signals from the brain and spinal cord to muscles and glands, resulting in a physical response. These signals, known as motor impulses, travel along motor neurons to specific target tissues. Motor impulses can initiate muscle contractions, allowing us to move our bodies, or they can stimulate glands to release hormones or other substances. For example, when you decide to walk, motor impulses are sent from your brain to the muscles in your legs, causing them to contract and initiate movement. Motor function enables us to perform voluntary actions and control our body’s responses to stimuli.

The nervous system performs three main functions: sensory, integration, and motor. The sensory function collects information from sensory receptors, allowing us to perceive and understand our environment. The integration function processes and analyzes this sensory information, coordinating our responses. the motor function transmits signals from the brain and spinal cord to muscles and glands, resulting in physical responses and actions. Together, these functions enable us to interact with our surroundings, adapt to changes, and maintain homeostasis.