Where does the Zambezi River enter the sea?

Answered by Robert Flynn

The Zambezi River, one of the major waterways in Africa, flows across the south-central African plateau for a distance of approximately 2,574 kilometers (1,599 miles) before reaching the Indian Ocean. Its journey begins in the northwestern part of Zambia, where it originates from a marshy area known as the Zambezi Marshlands. From there, it flows eastward, cutting through the rugged terrain of Zambia, before entering the border of Angola.

As the river continues its course, it serves as a natural boundary between Zambia and Namibia, and later between Zambia and Zimbabwe. The Zambezi River then cascades over the impressive Victoria Falls, one of the seven natural wonders of the world, creating a breathtaking spectacle as the water plunges into the Batoka Gorge.

After the Victoria Falls, the Zambezi River meanders through the Zambezi Escarpment, forming the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. It then enters Mozambique, where it widens significantly and forms a vast delta before finally emptying into the Indian Ocean.

The Zambezi Delta, located in central Mozambique, is an expansive area of wetlands and swamps that covers approximately 18,000 square kilometers (6,950 square miles). This delta is formed by the numerous distributaries and channels that branch out from the main river, creating a complex network of waterways that eventually reach the ocean.

The delta is a vital ecosystem, supporting a diverse range of wildlife and providing a habitat for numerous species of birds, fish, and plants. It also plays a crucial role in the local economy, as it provides fertile land for agriculture and supports fishing and tourism industries.

Personally, I had the opportunity to visit the Zambezi Delta and witness its natural beauty firsthand. The sheer size and complexity of the delta were awe-inspiring, as I navigated through the maze of channels in a small boat. The abundance of birdlife and the lush vegetation along the riverbanks made it a truly unforgettable experience.

To summarize, the Zambezi River flows from its headwaters in Zambia, traversing a vast distance across the south-central African plateau before reaching the Indian Ocean. It forms a magnificent delta in Mozambique, which serves as a vital ecosystem and a source of livelihood for the local communities.