What should eyes look like after a concussion?

Answered by Robert Flynn

After a concussion, the appearance of the eyes can vary from person to person. While there is no specific “look” that the eyes should have after a concussion, there are certain symptoms that can be observed. It is important to note that not everyone will exhibit these symptoms, and their severity can also vary.

One common eye symptom after a concussion is dilated pupils. The pupils may appear larger than usual and may not constrict as they normally would in response to light. This is due to the disruption of the autonomic nervous system, which controls the size of the pupils. However, it is worth mentioning that not all concussions result in dilated pupils, and the presence of dilated pupils does not necessarily indicate the severity of the concussion.

Another possible eye symptom is droopy eyelids, also known as ptosis. This can occur due to damage to the muscles or nerves involved in eyelid movement. The affected eyelid may appear lower than the other, giving a drooping appearance. Ptosis can be temporary or permanent, depending on the extent of the injury.

Difficulty tracking objects with the eyes is another symptom that can be seen after a concussion. This can manifest as difficulty following moving objects or an inability to smoothly track objects across the visual field. The eyes may appear to jump or jerk involuntarily, making it challenging to focus on a specific target.

In addition to these specific eye symptoms, there can be other visual disturbances following a concussion. These may include blurred vision, sensitivity to light (photophobia), double vision (diplopia), or changes in visual field. Some individuals may also experience eye pain or headaches that are associated with their visual symptoms.

It is important to note that these symptoms can vary in their onset and duration. While some individuals may experience immediate changes in their vision after a concussion, others may develop symptoms gradually over time. Additionally, the severity of the symptoms can range from mild to severe, depending on the individual and the extent of the concussion.

It is recommended that anyone who has experienced a concussion seeks medical attention, especially if they experience any changes in their vision. An ophthalmologist or optometrist can conduct a thorough evaluation of the eyes and visual system to assess any potential damage or abnormalities. They may also recommend specific treatments or interventions to help manage the visual symptoms and aid in the recovery process.

While there is no specific appearance that the eyes should have after a concussion, there are common symptoms that can be observed. These can include dilated pupils, droopy eyelids, and difficulty tracking objects. However, it is important to remember that not everyone will exhibit these symptoms, and their severity can vary. Seeking medical attention is crucial for proper evaluation and management of any visual symptoms following a concussion.