What causes medial malleolus bursitis?

Answered by James Kissner

Medial malleolus bursitis, or inflammation of the bursa located on the inside of the ankle, can be caused by various factors. One common cause is overuse or strain on the ankle from repetitive physical activity, such as walking, jumping, or running. When we engage in these activities without giving our bodies enough time to rest and recover, it can lead to inflammation in the bursa.

Another possible cause is running uphill without proper stretching or training. Running on an incline puts additional strain on the ankle joint, and if the muscles and tendons around the ankle are not adequately prepared for this activity, it can result in bursitis.

Wearing poorly fitting shoes is also a contributing factor. Shoes that are too tight or do not provide proper support can put excessive pressure on the ankle joint, leading to inflammation of the bursa. It is essential to choose footwear that fits well and provides adequate cushioning and stability.

Previous ankle injuries can also increase the risk of developing medial malleolus bursitis. Ankle sprains or fractures can cause damage to the bursa, making it more susceptible to inflammation. It is crucial to properly rehabilitate and strengthen the ankle after an injury to minimize the chances of bursitis.

Certain medical conditions can also contribute to the development of bursitis. For example, ankle arthritis can cause chronic inflammation in the joint, which can eventually affect the bursa. Gout, a form of arthritis caused by the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joints, can also lead to bursitis.

In some cases, medial malleolus bursitis can be caused by an infection, known as septic bursitis. Bacteria can enter the bursa through a cut or puncture wound, causing an infection and subsequent inflammation. This is a less common cause but should be considered if the symptoms of bursitis are accompanied by signs of infection, such as redness, warmth, and fever.

It is worth noting that these are just some of the potential causes of medial malleolus bursitis. Each individual’s situation may be unique, and it is essential to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.