What are the three aqeedah of Islam?

Answered by Phillip Nicastro

Belief in God and Tawhid (Monotheism):

In Islam, the first and most fundamental belief is the belief in God, known as Allah in Arabic. Muslims believe in the existence of a higher power, a supreme being who is the creator and sustainer of the universe. This belief in God is rooted in the concept of Tawhid, which is the oneness of God.

Tawhid emphasizes that there is only one God and that He has no partners or associates. This means that Muslims believe in the absolute unity of God and reject any form of polytheism or belief in multiple gods. This belief in the oneness of God is central to the Islamic faith and is often referred to as the Shahada, the declaration of faith that states, “There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is His messenger.”

Belief in the Angels:

Another important aspect of Islamic belief is the belief in the angels. Muslims believe that angels are spiritual beings created by God, who are invisible to humans and carry out various tasks as commanded by God. Angels are believed to be pure and obedient servants of God, without any free will or ability to disobey Him.

Muslims believe that angels play a crucial role in the functioning of the universe and are involved in various aspects of human life. They are responsible for conveying God’s messages to the prophets, recording human deeds, and carrying out tasks such as protecting and guiding individuals. Angels are believed to be present throughout the universe, constantly engaged in worshiping and glorifying God.

Belief in the Islamic Holy Books:

The third fundamental belief in Islam is the belief in the Islamic holy books. Muslims believe that God has revealed divine guidance to humanity through various prophets, and these revelations were recorded in holy books. The Quran, believed to be the final and most complete revelation, is considered the primary holy book in Islam.

Muslims also believe in the previous scriptures revealed to earlier prophets, such as the Torah given to Moses and the Gospel given to Jesus. However, it is believed that these earlier scriptures have undergone changes and distortions over time, while the Quran is believed to be preserved in its original form.

The Quran is considered the literal word of God, revealed to the Prophet Muhammad through the angel Gabriel. It serves as a guide for all aspects of life, providing moral and ethical principles, laws, and guidance on worship. Muslims believe that the Quran is a timeless and universal message for all of humanity.

In addition to the Quran, Muslims also believe in the authenticity of the previous scriptures to the extent that they are in line with the teachings of the Quran. The belief in the holy books emphasizes the importance of seeking knowledge, understanding, and following the guidance provided in these scriptures.

These three beliefs – belief in God and Tawhid, belief in the angels, and belief in the Islamic holy books – form the foundation of the Islamic faith. They shape the worldview, ethics, and practices of Muslims, guiding them in their relationship with God and their interactions with the world around them.