How long does it take for a watermelon to grow to full size?

Answered by Phillip Nicastro

Watermelons, like many other fruits, have a varying growth period depending on the variety and environmental conditions. On average, it takes between 70 and 100 days for a watermelon to go from planting to harvest. However, it is important to note that this is just an estimate and can vary depending on factors such as temperature, soil conditions, and the specific variety of watermelon being grown.

The growth process of a watermelon begins with the planting of seeds or transplants. Watermelon seeds are typically sown directly into the soil once the danger of frost has passed and the soil temperature is consistently above 70°F (21°C). The seeds are planted in hills or rows, with proper spacing to allow the vines to spread.

Once the seeds are planted, the germination process begins. This usually takes around 7 to 10 days, during which the seeds absorb water and nutrients from the soil, causing them to swell and sprout. It is important to ensure that the soil is kept moist during this stage to aid in the germination process.

After germination, the watermelon vines start to grow rapidly. The main vine grows horizontally along the ground, while secondary vines branch out from the main vine. These secondary vines produce the watermelon fruits. As the vines grow, it is important to provide them with adequate space to spread, as crowding can hinder their growth and development.

During the growing period, watermelons require regular watering to ensure proper hydration. They also benefit from the addition of balanced fertilizers to provide essential nutrients. It is important to monitor the soil moisture levels and adjust watering accordingly, as overwatering or underwatering can negatively impact the growth of the watermelon.

As the watermelons grow, they go through various stages of development. Initially, small yellow flowers appear on the vines, which eventually develop into tiny green fruits. Over time, these fruits continue to grow and mature. The size of a watermelon at harvest depends on the specific variety being grown, but they typically reach their full size around 70 to 100 days after planting.

To determine if a watermelon is ready for harvest, there are a few indicators to look for. The color of the watermelon’s skin should be dull or matte, rather than shiny, and the underside of the fruit should have a creamy yellow color. Additionally, the tendrils near the fruit’s stem should be dry and brown, rather than green. These visual cues suggest that the watermelon is ripe and ready to be harvested.

The time it takes for a watermelon to grow to full size can vary depending on factors such as the variety, environmental conditions, and specific growing practices. On average, it takes between 70 and 100 days from planting to harvest. However, it is important to monitor the visual cues of ripeness to ensure optimal flavor and sweetness before harvesting.