Who invented pizza China or Italy?

Answered by Frank Schwing

The invention of pizza is widely attributed to Italy. While there are various theories and speculations about the origins of pizza, most historians agree that modern pizza as we know it today originated in Naples, Italy.

Historically, Italy has been known for its rich culinary traditions, and pizza is undoubtedly one of its most famous contributions to the world of food. The story of pizza begins in Naples in the 18th century, a bustling city with a thriving street food culture.

At that time, Naples had a large population of working-class people who needed a quick and affordable source of sustenance to fuel them through their physically demanding jobs. This led to the creation of a simple dish known as focaccia, which was essentially a flatbread made with flour, water, yeast, and a bit of olive oil.

However, it was the addition of tomatoes that truly transformed the focaccia into what we now recognize as pizza. Tomatoes had been introduced to Europe from the New World in the 16th century but were initially met with skepticism and even considered poisonous. It was not until the 18th century that tomatoes gained acceptance as a food ingredient, particularly in Naples.

The working poor in Naples began topping their focaccia with tomatoes, along with other readily available ingredients such as cheese, garlic, and herbs. These ingredient-topped focaccia started to appear on the streets of Naples, sold by street vendors to satisfy the hunger of the city’s laborers.

Over time, these humble street food creations became popular among the Neapolitan population. Pizzerias started to emerge, specializing in the production of these simple yet delicious pies. The style of pizza that originated in Naples, known as Neapolitan pizza, is still highly regarded today for its thin and crispy crust, fresh ingredients, and traditional cooking methods.

It’s important to note that while Italy is widely recognized as the birthplace of modern pizza, various cultures and regions around the world have their own versions of flatbreads topped with ingredients. For example, ancient civilizations in the Middle East and Mediterranean regions had similar dishes, but they differed significantly from the pizza we know today.

The invention of pizza is firmly attributed to Italy, specifically Naples. The addition of tomatoes to the traditional focaccia in the 18th century gave rise to the modern pizza we enjoy today. Its humble beginnings as a quick and affordable street food have evolved into a global phenomenon, loved and enjoyed by people from all walks of life.