The Caesar who ruled when Jesus was crucified was Tiberius Caesar Augustus. Tiberius was the second Roman emperor, succeeding his stepfather Augustus. He reigned from September 14, 14 AD, until his death on March 16, 37 AD.
Tiberius was born on November 16, 42 BC in Rome, Italy, during the time of the Roman Republic. He was the son of Tiberius Claudius Nero and Livia Drusilla. Tiberius was known for his military prowess and his role in the expansion of the Roman Empire. He served as a general under Augustus before becoming emperor.
During his reign, Tiberius faced various challenges and controversies. He was known for his reclusive and suspicious nature, often withdrawing from Rome and governing through representatives. This led to a decline in the political power of the Senate and an increase in the influence of the imperial bureaucracy.
Tiberius’ reign also saw the rise of factions and power struggles within the Roman Empire. One notable event during his rule was the crucifixion of Jesus of Nazareth, which occurred around 30-33 AD. Jesus’ crucifixion was ordered by Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of Judaea, who acted under the authority of Tiberius.
The crucifixion of Jesus was a significant event in both Roman and religious history, marking the beginning of Christianity. It is important to note that Tiberius himself did not play a direct role in Jesus’ crucifixion, but his reign provided the political backdrop for the event to take place.
Tiberius’ rule came to an end in 37 AD when he died at the age of 77. He was succeeded by his grand-nephew Caligula, who would go on to become one of Rome’s most infamous emperors.
Tiberius Caesar Augustus was the Caesar who ruled when Jesus was crucified. His reign was marked by political challenges and controversies, and his rule provided the backdrop for significant events in Roman and religious history.