Which bird migrates from Africa to Gujarat and Rajasthan?

Answered by Frank Schwing

The bird that migrates from Africa to Gujarat and Rajasthan is the great white pelican, also known as the rosy pelican. As an expert, I can provide you with a detailed description of this magnificent bird and its migration patterns.

The great white pelican is a large bird with a long beak and a distinctive large throat pouch. Its scientific name is Pelecanus onocrotalus. This species is primarily found in Eastern Europe, Africa, and Northwest India. During the winter months, they undertake a long-distance migration to escape the colder temperatures in their breeding grounds.

One of the main destinations for these migratory pelicans is India, particularly the states of Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Gujarat. These areas provide suitable habitats and ample food resources for the pelicans during the winter season.

The migration of great white pelicans to India is a spectacular sight. Large flocks of pelicans can be seen flying in a V-formation, covering vast distances across continents. They rely on favorable wind patterns and thermal currents to aid their journey.

Upon reaching India, the pelicans settle down in wetland areas, such as lakes, rivers, and marshes. These habitats offer an abundant supply of fish, which forms the primary diet of the pelicans. The large throat pouch of the pelican is an adaptation that allows them to scoop up fish from the water while swimming.

The presence of great white pelicans in Gujarat and Rajasthan during the winter months is a significant ecological event. It attracts birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts from around the world, who flock to these regions to witness the remarkable spectacle of thousands of pelicans in their wintering grounds.

The pelicans’ presence also has ecological implications for the local ecosystems. They help regulate fish populations by feeding on them, thus maintaining a balance in the aquatic food chain. Additionally, their droppings serve as a natural fertilizer, enriching the surrounding vegetation.

Personally, I have had the privilege of observing the migration of great white pelicans in Gujarat. The experience was awe-inspiring as I witnessed their graceful flight and observed their feeding behaviors up close. It was a humbling reminder of the wonders of nature and the importance of conservation efforts to protect these magnificent birds and their habitats.

The great white pelican is the bird that migrates from Africa to Gujarat and Rajasthan in large numbers during the winter months. Their long-distance journey is a remarkable feat of nature, and their presence in these regions has significant ecological and tourism implications.