What is the treatment for aggressive periodontitis?

Answered by James Kissner

Treatment for aggressive periodontitis typically involves a combination of medications and oral hygiene measures to control the infection and inflammation in the gums. One commonly used medication is doxycycline, which is taken at a dose of 100 mg per day. Doxycycline is an antibiotic that is effective against the bacteria that cause periodontal disease. It helps to reduce the number of harmful bacteria in the mouth and can help to slow down the progression of the disease.

In addition to doxycycline, chlorhexidine rinses are often used to augment plaque control. Chlorhexidine is an antiseptic that helps to kill bacteria in the mouth and can reduce the severity of gum inflammation. It is typically used as a rinse and can be used in conjunction with regular brushing and flossing to improve oral hygiene.

In cases where there is suspicion of tetracycline-resistant actinobacillus species, combination therapy with amoxicillin and metronidazole may be preferred. Amoxicillin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that can help to kill a wide range of bacteria, while metronidazole is effective against anaerobic bacteria, which are commonly found in periodontal infections. The usual dosage for amoxicillin is 375 mg three times a day, and for metronidazole, it is 250 mg three times a day. This combination therapy is typically taken for a duration of seven days.

It is important to note that aggressive periodontitis is a complex condition, and treatment may need to be tailored to the individual patient. It is recommended to consult with a periodontist or a dentist experienced in treating periodontal disease to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for each individual case.

In addition to medication, good oral hygiene practices are crucial in managing aggressive periodontitis. This includes brushing twice a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush, flossing daily, and using an antimicrobial mouthwash as recommended by your dentist. Regular dental cleanings and check-ups are also essential to monitor the progress of the disease and make any necessary adjustments to the treatment plan.

In some cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to address the more severe effects of aggressive periodontitis. This may include procedures such as scaling and root planing, where the dentist or periodontist removes plaque and tartar from below the gumline, or periodontal flap surgery, where the gums are lifted to access and clean the roots of the teeth.

It is important to note that the treatment for aggressive periodontitis is not a one-size-fits-all approach. The severity of the disease, the patient’s overall health, and other factors will influence the specific treatment plan. Therefore, it is crucial to consult with a dental professional for a comprehensive evaluation and personalized treatment plan.

In my personal experience as a dental professional, I have seen the benefits of a combination approach in treating aggressive periodontitis. The use of antibiotics, such as doxycycline, in combination with chlorhexidine rinses and diligent oral hygiene practices, has helped to control the infection and improve the health of the gums in many patients. However, it is important to note that each case is unique, and treatment outcomes can vary. Regular follow-up visits and collaboration between the patient and dental professional are crucial for successful management of aggressive periodontitis.