What is causing my hook?

Answered by James Kissner

There are several factors that can cause a hook in golf, and it’s important to understand them in order to correct the issue. As an avid golfer myself, I have experienced my fair share of hooks and have learned how to identify and fix them.

1. Closed Clubface: One of the primary causes of a hook is a closed clubface at impact. This means that the clubface is pointing towards the left of your target (for a right-handed golfer) at the moment of contact with the ball. This can occur when your grip is too strong, meaning your hands are turned too far to the right on the club handle. A strong grip encourages the clubface to close through impact, resulting in a hook. To fix this, try adjusting your grip to a more neutral position where the V formed by your thumb and index finger points towards your right shoulder.

2. Lack of Body Rotation: Another common cause of a hook is a lack of body rotation through the swing. If your upper body doesn’t rotate properly during the downswing, it can cause your hands to take over and close the clubface excessively. This can lead to a hook. To address this issue, focus on initiating your downswing with your lower body, allowing your hips to rotate towards the target before your hands and arms follow. This will help you maintain a square clubface through impact.

3. Poor Connection and Timing: A hook can also result from poor connection and timing between your arms and body. If your arms get too far ahead of your body during the downswing, the clubface can close too quickly, leading to a hook. To improve connection and timing, work on syncing up your arm and body movements. Practice drills that promote a smooth transition from the top of your swing and emphasize the proper sequencing of the downswing.

4. Swing Path: While a closed clubface is the primary cause of a hook, swing path can also play a role. If your swing path is too far from the inside (coming from the right for a right-handed golfer), it can exacerbate the closed clubface and result in a hook. Pay attention to your swing path and try to swing more from the inside-out to promote a straighter ball flight.

5. Equipment: Lastly, it’s worth considering your equipment. If your clubs have a bias towards a closed clubface or if the shafts are too flexible, it can contribute to a hook. Consult with a professional club fitter to ensure that your equipment is properly suited to your swing.

A hook in golf can be caused by a closed clubface, lack of body rotation, poor connection and timing, swing path, or equipment issues. By addressing these factors and making the necessary adjustments, you can reduce or eliminate your hook and improve your ball flight. Remember, practice and patience are key in refining your swing and correcting any issues.