What is bishop in French in chess?

Answered by Stephen Mosley

In chess, the bishop is referred to as “fou” in French. The term “fou” translates directly to “madman” or “crazy person” in English, which may seem quite intriguing. However, this name is derived from the way the bishop moves on the chessboard.

The bishop is represented by a small, figurine-like piece that resembles a religious figure, particularly an bishop or an abbot. It is usually made of wood or plastic and is placed on the chessboard at the start of the game.

The bishop’s movement is unique and distinct from other chess pieces. It can only move diagonally across the board, meaning it can travel along any diagonal line as long as there are no obstructions in its path. This includes both vacant squares and squares occupied by opponent’s pieces. The bishop’s range of movement is not limited by the number of squares it can traverse, making it a powerful piece in certain situations.

In terms of strategic significance, the bishop is considered to be one of the major chess pieces, alongside the rook and the queen. It is typically valued at three points in many chess scoring systems, reflecting its importance on the board.

During a game, the bishop can be used to control important diagonals, influence the center of the board, and support other pieces in their attacks. It is particularly effective in open positions, where there are fewer pawns and more open lines for the bishop to exert its influence.

Understanding the role and capabilities of the bishop is crucial for developing a strong chess strategy. It is important to utilize the bishop effectively by placing it on squares that maximize its potential and are strategically advantageous. Additionally, coordinating the bishop’s movements with other pieces can lead to powerful attacks and defense.

The bishop in chess is known as “fou” in French. It is a powerful piece that moves diagonally across the board, and its strategic importance lies in its ability to control diagonals and influence the center of the board. Understanding the bishop’s capabilities and incorporating it into a well-thought-out chess strategy is essential for success in the game.