What happens if a beaded lizard bites you?

Answered by Robert Dupre

When a beaded lizard bites you, several things happen due to the venom injected into your body. The venom of the beaded lizard contains various substances that can cause a range of symptoms and effects.

Firstly, the venom of the beaded lizard contains serotonin, a neurotransmitter that regulates various bodily functions. When injected into your body, this venom can cause an increase in serotonin levels, leading to a variety of effects. These effects can include pain, as serotonin is involved in the transmission of pain signals in the body. The bite area may become painful and sensitive.

In addition to serotonin, the beaded lizard venom also contains enzymes with fibrinogen coagulase activities. Fibrinogen is a protein involved in blood clotting. The enzymes in the lizard’s venom can cause the fibrinogen in your blood to form clots more easily. This can lead to the development of blood clots in the affected area, resulting in edema or swelling.

Furthermore, the bite of a beaded lizard can also lead to hypotension, which is low blood pressure. The venom can cause a drop in blood pressure, leading to dizziness, lightheadedness, and potentially fainting. This effect is particularly dangerous for individuals with pre-existing cardiovascular conditions.

In addition to the physical symptoms, the venom can also affect the gastrointestinal system. Nausea and vomiting can occur as a result of the toxin’s impact on the digestive system. The body’s response to the venom can also lead to weakness and diaphoresis, which is excessive sweating.

It is important to note that the severity of the symptoms can vary depending on factors such as the amount of venom injected, the location of the bite, and the individual’s overall health. Some individuals may only experience mild symptoms, while others may have a more severe reaction.

If bitten by a beaded lizard, it is crucial to seek immediate medical attention. The bite should be cleaned and bandaged, and antivenom may be administered to counteract the effects of the venom. Prompt medical intervention can help manage the symptoms and prevent further complications.

A bite from a beaded lizard can lead to a range of symptoms and effects. The venom contains serotonin and enzymes that can cause pain, edema, hypotension, nausea, vomiting, weakness, and diaphoresis. Seeking immediate medical attention is essential to minimize the impact of the bite and receive appropriate treatment.