What happened during the Freedom Summer campaign of 1964 in Mississippi quizlet?

Answered by Willie Powers

During the summer of 1964 in Mississippi, a historic campaign known as the Freedom Summer took place. The objective of this campaign was to register as many African American voters as possible in a state that had previously outlawed almost all African American voting.

The Freedom Summer campaign was organized by several civil rights organizations, including the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE). These organizations wanted to bring attention to the racial inequality and discrimination that existed in Mississippi, particularly in regards to voting rights.

One of the main goals of the campaign was to challenge the Mississippi Democratic Party, which had effectively excluded African Americans from participating in the political process. Mississippi had implemented a series of restrictive measures, such as poll taxes and literacy tests, that disproportionately affected African American citizens.

The campaign began in June 1964, with hundreds of volunteers, mostly young college students from across the country, descending upon Mississippi. These volunteers, both black and white, were trained in nonviolent resistance and voter registration techniques.

One of the key strategies of the campaign was the establishment of Freedom Schools. These schools were designed to provide education and empowerment to African American communities, teaching subjects such as black history and political organizing. The Freedom Schools also served as venues for voter registration efforts and community organizing.

The volunteers faced immense challenges and dangers during the Freedom Summer campaign. They were met with hostility and violence from white supremacists who were determined to maintain the status quo of racial segregation. Many volunteers were arrested, beaten, and even killed for their participation in the campaign.

One of the most tragic incidents of the Freedom Summer campaign was the murder of three civil rights activists: James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner. They were abducted by members of the Ku Klux Klan, who shot and killed them. Their deaths brought national attention to the campaign and further galvanized support for the civil rights movement.

Despite the violence and intimidation, the Freedom Summer campaign made significant strides in its voter registration efforts. Thousands of African Americans were successfully registered to vote, challenging the discriminatory practices that had long been in place.

The impact of the Freedom Summer campaign extended beyond the summer of 1964. It paved the way for the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which prohibited racial discrimination in voting and provided federal oversight of election practices in areas with a history of discrimination.

The Freedom Summer campaign of 1964 in Mississippi was a pivotal moment in the civil rights movement. It highlighted the need for voting rights and brought national attention to the racial inequality and violence faced by African Americans in the South. The campaign’s efforts in voter registration and community organizing helped pave the way for significant legislative changes and further advancements in the fight for civil rights.