What colors can cats see?

Answered by Willian Lymon

Cats have a different way of seeing the world compared to humans. While humans have trichromatic vision, meaning they have three types of color receptors in their eyes, cats have dichromatic vision, meaning they have only two types of color receptors. This means that cats see a more limited range of colors compared to humans.

The most likely answer is that cats see in muted tones of blues, yellows, greens, and grays. These colors are easier for cats to distinguish and perceive. Reds and pinks may appear confusing to cats and may look more like shades of green. Similarly, purple may appear as another shade of blue to cats.

To understand how cats perceive colors, it can be helpful to think of it in terms of color blindness in humans. Color-blind individuals have a reduced ability to distinguish certain colors, particularly reds and greens. They may see these colors as muted or even indistinguishable from each other. Cats, with their dichromatic vision, likely have a similar experience when it comes to perceiving colors.

It’s important to note that cats compensate for their limited color vision with other visual abilities. Cats have excellent night vision and are highly sensitive to motion. They rely more on these abilities to navigate their environment and hunt prey. Color vision is not as critical for their survival as it is for humans.

While we can’t fully experience or understand how cats perceive colors, studying their visual system and comparing it to color blindness in humans can give us some insights into their color perception. It’s fascinating to think about how the world may appear to our feline friends and how their unique vision shapes their interactions with the world around them.