What breaks Wudu?

Answered by Robert Flynn

Breaking wudu, or the state of ritual purity, is a common occurrence in our daily lives. There are several activities that invalidate wudu, and it’s important to be aware of them to ensure that we maintain our state of purity for acts of worship.

1. Urination: When we urinate, our wudu is broken. This is because it involves the release of impurities from our bodies.

2. Defecation: Similar to urination, defecation also breaks wudu as it involves the removal of impurities from our bodies.

3. Flatulence: Passing gas also invalidates wudu. While it may seem like a minor action, it is considered to be breaking wudu due to the release of impurities.

4. Deep sleep: When we fall into a deep sleep where we lose consciousness, our wudu is nullified. This is because during deep sleep, we may release impurities without being aware of it.

5. Light bleeding: Depending on the school of thought (madhhab) one follows, light bleeding may or may not break wudu. For example, some scholars consider light bleeding from a wound or nosebleed to invalidate wudu, while others do not.

6. Menstruation: For women, menstruation breaks wudu. It is a natural process that involves the release of impurities from the body.

7. Postpartum bleeding: After childbirth, women experience postpartum bleeding, which also invalidates wudu. This bleeding is considered impure and requires a woman to perform ghusl, or a full ablution, to regain ritual purity.

8. Sexual intercourse: Engaging in sexual intercourse breaks wudu for both men and women. It involves the release of bodily fluids and is considered to break the state of ritual purity.

It is important to note that the above activities only break wudu and do not necessarily require a person to perform ghusl unless specified. Individuals can simply renew their wudu by performing the ablution again before engaging in acts of worship.

These rules regarding what breaks wudu may vary slightly depending on the specific school of thought one follows within Islam. It is always recommended to consult with a knowledgeable scholar or refer to reliable sources for specific guidance related to one’s own madhhab.