The Sveshnikov Variation of the Sicilian is indeed considered to be an aggressive system. It is characterized by its pawn structure after the moves 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 e5. This move, 5…e5, is the defining move of the Sveshnikov Variation and leads to a highly dynamic and tactical position.
One of the main reasons why the Sveshnikov Variation is considered aggressive is because it often leads to sharp and tactical positions. Black aims to create imbalances and complications in order to counter White’s aggressive intentions. The pawn break with …d5 is a typical way to challenge White’s central control, and this can open up lines for both sides to attack.
In the Sveshnikov, Black willingly accepts doubled pawns on the e-file after playing …e5. This pawn structure can be seen as a weakness, but it also grants Black dynamic possibilities. The doubled pawns can support central control and create potential outposts for Black’s pieces. This aggressive approach is in contrast to more solid variations of the Sicilian, such as the Closed Sicilian or the Taimanov Variation.
Furthermore, the Sveshnikov Variation often leads to highly tactical positions with sharp and concrete lines of play. Both sides need to be alert and accurate in their calculations, as the position can quickly become very sharp and complicated. This can make the Sveshnikov Variation a favored choice for players who enjoy tactical battles and are comfortable with sharp positions.
In my personal experience, playing the Sveshnikov Variation can be both exciting and challenging. On one hand, it offers great opportunities for creative play and dynamic counterattacks. On the other hand, it requires a deep understanding of the resulting positions and the ability to calculate accurately in tactical situations.
To summarize, the Sveshnikov Variation is considered to be an aggressive system in the Sicilian Defense. It leads to sharp and tactical positions, with both players having the opportunity to launch aggressive attacks. The willingness to accept doubled pawns and the dynamic possibilities it offers contribute to the aggressive nature of this variation.