Is eczema related to gut health?

Answered by Willian Lymon

Is eczema related to gut health?

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide. While the exact causes of eczema are still not fully understood, emerging research suggests that there may be a link between eczema and gut health.

Several studies have found that individuals with atopic dermatitis tend to have a less diverse gut microbiome compared to those without eczema. The gut microbiome refers to the trillions of microorganisms that reside in our digestive tract and play a crucial role in maintaining our overall health.

A diverse gut microbiome is considered beneficial as it helps to support a strong immune system and maintain a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut. However, individuals with eczema often exhibit an imbalance in their gut microbiome, with reduced levels of beneficial bacteria and an overgrowth of harmful bacteria.

This imbalance in the gut microbiome may contribute to the development and exacerbation of eczema symptoms. The gut microbiome plays a vital role in regulating the immune system, and when it is imbalanced, it can lead to an overactive immune response, triggering inflammation and skin irritation.

Furthermore, studies have shown that certain strains of bacteria found in the gut can influence the skin’s barrier function. The skin’s barrier is responsible for keeping moisture in and irritants out, but in people with eczema, this barrier is often impaired. Research suggests that an unhealthy gut microbiome may compromise the skin’s barrier function, making it more susceptible to irritation and inflammation.

While the relationship between gut health and eczema is still being explored, some researchers believe that improving gut health could potentially help alleviate eczema symptoms. Probiotics, which are beneficial bacteria that can be consumed through certain foods or supplements, have shown promise in improving gut health and potentially reducing eczema severity.

In a study published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, researchers found that infants at high risk of developing eczema who were given a specific probiotic strain had a significantly lower incidence of the condition. This suggests that early intervention with probiotics may help modulate the gut microbiome and reduce the risk of developing eczema.

It’s important to note that while gut health may play a role in eczema, it is not the sole cause of the condition. Eczema is a complex condition influenced by various genetic, environmental, and immunological factors. Therefore, addressing gut health alone may not be sufficient to completely manage or cure eczema.

Emerging research suggests a potential link between eczema and gut health. People with atopic dermatitis tend to have a less diverse gut microbiome, which may contribute to the development and severity of eczema symptoms. Improving gut health through measures such as consuming probiotics may offer some benefits in managing eczema, but further research is needed to fully understand the relationship between the gut and skin in eczema.