How many kind of hops are there?

Answered by Cody Janus

There are numerous varieties of hops available for commercial use in beer brewing, with approximately 80 different types currently on the market. However, it’s important to note that this number is not fixed and can vary over time. The world of beer brewing is constantly evolving, and new hop varieties are continuously being bred and developed.

Choosing a single hop variety to grow can be a daunting task due to the vast number of options available. Each hop variety possesses unique characteristics that contribute to the overall flavor, aroma, and bitterness of the beer. These characteristics are influenced by various factors such as climate, soil conditions, and agricultural practices.

As an expert in the field, I have encountered numerous hop varieties throughout my career. It is fascinating to witness the diverse range of flavors and aromas that different hop varieties can impart on a beer. From the citrusy and piney notes of Cascade hops to the floral and herbal qualities of Hallertau hops, each variety offers its own distinct profile.

To provide a more comprehensive understanding of the different hop varieties, I will present a brief overview of some popular choices:

1. Cascade: This American hop variety is known for its citrusy, floral, and spicy characteristics. It is widely used in American-style pale ales and IPAs.

2. Centennial: Similar to Cascade, Centennial hops also exhibit citrusy and floral notes but with a more pronounced bitterness. They are often utilized in hop-forward beers.

3. Amarillo: With its intense tropical fruit aromas, Amarillo hops have gained popularity in recent years. They contribute flavors of orange, grapefruit, and peach to the beer.

4. Simcoe: Known for its complex and distinct profile, Simcoe hops offer a combination of pine, citrus, and earthy notes. They are frequently used in hoppy beers such as IPAs and pale ales.

5. Saaz: This traditional Czech hop variety is famous for its delicate and spicy aroma. It is commonly used in lagers and pilsners, providing a subtle yet distinctive character.

6. Hallertau: Originating from Germany, Hallertau hops are known for their floral and herbal aromas. They are often utilized in German-style lagers and wheat beers.

7. Mosaic: With its unique combination of tropical fruit, citrus, and pine aromas, Mosaic hops have gained popularity among brewers. They contribute a complex flavor profile to various beer styles.

These are just a few examples of the wide array of hop varieties available. Each hop variety brings its own nuances to the brewing process, allowing brewers to create a diverse range of flavors and aromas in their beers.

It’s worth noting that hop breeding programs across the globe continue to introduce new hop varieties, adding to the ever-growing selection. These new varieties often showcase innovative flavor profiles and exciting combinations of aromas, providing brewers with endless possibilities for experimentation.

While there are approximately 80 different hop varieties commercially available today, this number is not fixed, and new varieties continue to emerge. The diversity of hop flavors and aromas allows brewers to create unique and distinctive beers, making the world of beer brewing an exciting and ever-evolving field.