How do you propagate a jade plant from a cutting?

Answered by Stephen Mosley

To propagate a jade plant from a cutting, you will need to follow a few simple steps. I have had personal experience with propagating jade plants, and I can assure you that it is a relatively easy process.

1. Select strong leaves: When choosing leaves for propagation, it is important to select healthy, mature leaves from the parent plant. Look for leaves that are plump, firm, and free from any signs of disease or damage. These leaves will have a higher chance of successfully rooting and growing into new plants.

2. Cut the leaves: Using a clean, sharp knife or pair of scissors, make a clean cut on the selected leaves. Ideally, the cutting should be about 2-3 inches in length. It is important to make a clean cut to avoid damaging the leaf and hindering its ability to root.

3. Let the cuttings dry: After cutting the leaves, allow them to dry for a few days. This drying period allows the cut end of the leaf to callus, which helps prevent rotting when planted. Place the cuttings in a warm, dry area with a temperature of around 20 °C. Avoid direct sunlight during this drying period.

4. Prepare the pots and substrate: While the cuttings are drying, prepare small pots with well-draining substrate. Jade plants prefer a sandy or cactus mix, which provides good drainage. Fill the pots with the substrate, leaving some space at the top for planting the cuttings.

5. Plant the cuttings: Once the cuttings have dried and callused, plant them in the prepared pots. Make a small hole in the substrate and gently insert the cut end of the leaf into the hole, ensuring that it is buried about an inch deep. Firmly press the soil around the base of the cutting to secure it in place.

6. Keep the cuttings moist: After planting, water the cuttings thoroughly to ensure the soil is moist. It is important to keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Check the moisture level regularly and water as needed to prevent the soil from drying out completely.

7. Provide light and temperature: Place the pots with the cuttings in a location that receives bright, indirect light. Jade plants require plenty of light to grow properly. Additionally, maintain a temperature of around 20 °C for optimal growth. Avoid exposing the cuttings to extreme temperature fluctuations or drafts.

8. Regularly moisten the cuttings: As the cuttings begin to root and grow, it is important to continue keeping the soil moist. Check the moisture level regularly and water as needed, making sure not to overwater. Over time, the cuttings will develop roots and start to form new growth.

By following these steps and providing the right conditions, you can successfully propagate jade plants from leaf cuttings. It may take some time for the cuttings to root and grow, but with patience and care, you can enjoy new jade plants that are genetically identical to the parent plant.