# How do you calculate encumbrance 5E?

To calculate encumbrance in 5th Edition Dungeons and Dragons (5E), you need to consider your character’s Strength score and carrying capacity. The rules for encumbrance help determine how much weight your character can carry without being hindered in their movement and actions.

First, let’s understand the basic concept of carrying capacity. Your carrying capacity is determined by your Strength score. In the Player’s Handbook, it states that your carrying capacity is equal to your Strength score multiplied by 5. This means that if your Strength score is 10, your carrying capacity is 50 pounds. If your Strength score is 18, your carrying capacity is 90 pounds.

However, it’s important to note that carrying capacity is not just about the weight of the items you carry. It also takes into account the bulk and size of those items. For example, carrying 50 pounds of feathers would be much less cumbersome than carrying 50 pounds of rocks. So, the DM may use their discretion to adjust the carrying capacity based on the nature of the items being carried.

Now, let’s discuss the effects of encumbrance on your character’s movement. If you carry a total weight that exceeds your carrying capacity but is less than or equal to 10 times your Strength score, your speed is reduced by 10 feet. This means if your normal speed is 30 feet, it would be reduced to 20 feet if you carry too much.

For example, if your Strength score is 12 and your carrying capacity is 60 pounds, carrying 61 to 120 pounds would reduce your speed by 10 feet. This reduction in speed represents the extra effort and strain required to move with the added weight.

If you carry a total weight that exceeds 10 times your Strength score, you are considered heavily encumbered. This has more severe consequences than just a reduction in movement speed. When heavily encumbered, your speed is reduced by 20 feet, and you have disadvantage on ability checks, saving throws, and attack rolls that use Strength, Dexterity, or Constitution.

Being heavily encumbered can significantly impact your character’s effectiveness in combat and other physical tasks. It represents the immense strain and exhaustion from carrying an excessive amount of weight. It’s important to carefully manage your inventory and consider the weight of items you acquire during your adventures to avoid becoming heavily encumbered.