How do they fix cervical retrolisthesis?

Answered by Randy McIntyre

Cervical retrolisthesis, also known as posterior displacement of a vertebra in the cervical spine, can cause pain, stiffness, and neurological symptoms. The treatment approach for cervical retrolisthesis depends on the severity of the condition and the symptoms experienced by the individual. Here are some common treatment options:

1. Physical therapy: Physical therapy is often the first line of treatment for cervical retrolisthesis. A physical therapist can provide exercises and stretches that help strengthen the spine, back, and core muscles. These exercises aim to improve stability, flexibility, and posture, which can alleviate pain and reduce the risk of further slippage.

2. Manual therapy: Myofascial release and other manual therapy techniques can be beneficial for individuals with cervical retrolisthesis. Myofascial release involves applying gentle pressure to the affected muscles and connective tissues to release tension and restore proper muscle tone. This technique can help improve circulation and reduce muscle spasms, pain, and stiffness.

3. Microcurrent therapy: Microcurrent therapy is a non-invasive treatment that uses low-level electric currents to stimulate the body’s natural healing processes. This therapy can help reduce swelling, inflammation, and pain associated with cervical retrolisthesis. It is often used in conjunction with other treatment modalities.

4. Heat therapy: Applying heat compresses to the affected area can help relax muscles, increase blood flow, and relieve pain. Heat therapy can be done using heating pads, warm towels, or hot water bottles. It is important to use heat therapy cautiously and avoid excessive heat to prevent burns or skin damage.

5. Medications: In some cases, over-the-counter pain relievers such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be recommended to manage pain and reduce inflammation associated with cervical retrolisthesis. However, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional before taking any medications, as they may have side effects or interactions with other medications.

6. Lifestyle modifications: Making certain lifestyle changes can also help manage cervical retrolisthesis. These may include maintaining good posture, avoiding activities that strain the neck, using ergonomic equipment, and practicing relaxation techniques to reduce stress and muscle tension.

In more severe cases of cervical retrolisthesis, surgical intervention may be necessary. However, surgery is typically considered as a last resort when conservative treatments have failed to provide relief. Surgical options may include spinal fusion, laminectomy, or discectomy, depending on the specific needs of the individual.

It is important to note that the treatment approach for cervical retrolisthesis should be tailored to the individual’s specific condition and symptoms. Consulting with a healthcare professional, such as a physical therapist or orthopedic specialist, is crucial to determine the most appropriate treatment plan.