How do I connect to port 22?

Answered by Jarrod Smith

To connect to port 22, you will need to use an SSH client. SSH, short for Secure Shell, is a protocol that allows secure remote access to a server. It provides a secure channel over an unsecured network, ensuring that all data sent between the client and server is encrypted.

To connect to port 22, you will first need to know the host name or IP address of the SSH server you want to connect to. This could be a domain name, such as, or an IP address, such as You will also need to know the port number that the SSH server is listening on. By default, SSH servers use port 22, but it is possible that the server you are connecting to may be configured to use a different port.

Once you have the host name or IP address and the port number, you can open your preferred SSH client. There are several SSH clients available for different operating systems, such as PuTTY for Windows, Terminal for macOS, and OpenSSH for Linux.

Let’s take an example using PuTTY, a popular SSH client for Windows:

1. Launch PuTTY and you will see the PuTTY Configuration window.
2. In the “Host Name (or IP address)” box, enter the host name or IP address of the SSH server you want to connect to.
3. Make sure the port number in the “Port” box is set to the port number that the SSH server requires. If the server is using the default port 22, you don’t need to change anything.
4. Choose the connection type. By default, SSH is selected, which is what you need for connecting to port 22.
5. Click the “Open” button to initiate the connection.

At this point, PuTTY will establish a connection to the SSH server on port 22. If this is your first time connecting to the server, PuTTY may display a security warning about the server’s host key. You can verify the key fingerprint to ensure you are connecting to the correct server. If everything checks out, you can proceed by accepting the key and continuing with the connection.

Once the connection is established, you will be prompted for your username and password. Enter the credentials provided by the SSH server administrator to authenticate yourself. Note that the password field will not display any characters as you type, but your input is being registered.

After successfully authenticating, you will have a command-line interface to interact with the remote server. You can execute commands, transfer files, and perform various administrative tasks, depending on your permissions and the configuration of the server.

Remember to properly close the SSH session when you are done to ensure the security of your connection. In PuTTY, you can simply close the PuTTY window, which will terminate the SSH session.

Connecting to port 22 involves using an SSH client, such as PuTTY, and providing the host name or IP address along with the correct port number. Once connected, you can securely access the remote server and perform various tasks.