How do doctors shrink hemorrhoids?

Answered by Douglas Hiatt

There are various methods that doctors use to shrink hemorrhoids, and one of these methods is electrocoagulation. This procedure involves the use of a specialized tool that sends an electric current into the internal hemorrhoid. The electric current causes scar tissue to form, which ultimately cuts off the blood supply to the hemorrhoid. As a result, the hemorrhoid often shrinks in size.

Electrocoagulation is typically performed by a doctor who specializes in gastroenterology or proctology. The procedure is usually done in an outpatient setting, such as a clinic or doctor’s office, and it is considered a minimally invasive treatment option for hemorrhoids.

During the electrocoagulation procedure, the doctor will first numb the area around the hemorrhoid using a local anesthetic. This helps to ensure that the patient is comfortable during the procedure. Once the area is numb, the doctor will insert a small probe or electrode into the anus and direct it toward the internal hemorrhoid.

The probe or electrode delivers a controlled amount of electric current to the hemorrhoid, which causes coagulation or clotting of the blood vessels supplying the hemorrhoid. This coagulation process leads to the formation of scar tissue, which gradually cuts off the blood supply to the hemorrhoid. Over time, the lack of blood flow causes the hemorrhoid to shrink and eventually disappear.

The duration of the electrocoagulation procedure can vary depending on the size and severity of the hemorrhoid. In some cases, multiple sessions may be required to achieve the desired results. However, electrocoagulation is generally considered a quick and relatively painless procedure.

After the electrocoagulation procedure, patients may experience some discomfort or mild pain in the treated area. This can usually be managed with over-the-counter pain relievers or prescribed medications. It is also common for patients to notice some bleeding during bowel movements in the days following the procedure. However, this bleeding is typically minimal and should resolve on its own.

It is important to note that electrocoagulation is just one of several treatment options available for hemorrhoids. Other non-surgical methods, such as rubber band ligation or sclerotherapy, may also be recommended depending on the individual case. In more severe cases, surgical removal of the hemorrhoid may be necessary.

Electrocoagulation is a medical procedure that involves the use of an electric current to shrink hemorrhoids. By causing scar tissue formation and cutting off the blood supply to the hemorrhoid, this procedure can effectively reduce the size and symptoms of hemorrhoids. It is a minimally invasive option that is typically performed on an outpatient basis. However, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the most appropriate treatment approach for individual cases of hemorrhoids.