Echocardiogram – What It Reveals About The Heart

If you recently received an echocardiogram, you may be feeling anxious about the results. An echocardiogram is a type of imaging test that uses sound waves to take pictures of your heart and measure its size, shape, and function. Abnormal results can inicate that something is wrong with your heart.

When an echocardiogram shows abnormal results, it means that there is an issue with the heart’s size or structure. Common issues include blood clots in one of the heart’s chambers due to atrial fibrillation, or one or more valves not opening or closing properly. These issues can cause symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pain, palpitations, dizziness, and fatigue.

An echocardiogram can also show problems with the heart chambers and major blood vessels, as well as complex heart defects present at birth. Your doctor will use this test to diagnose your condition and monitor it over time. If you have a low left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), it could mean that your left ventricle is not functioning properly—even if the LVEF appears nominally “normal” at 60%.

If you are concerned about abnormal echocardiogram results, it is important to talk to your doctor so they can provide an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan for your specific condition. Treatment options may include lifestyle changes such as exercise and dietary modifications or medications such as beta blockers or ACE inhibitors. Your doctor may also recommend surgery to repair any damaged areas of your heart.

While abnormal echocardiogram results can be concerning, it is important to remember that many conditions can be managed with proper medical care and lifestyle changes. If you have any questions or concerns abot your results, don’t hesitate to contact your doctor for more information.

Signs of Abnormalities on an Echocardiogram

A bad echocardiogram can show a variety of issues with the heart, including irregularities in the shape and size of the heart, damage to the walls of the heart chambers, thickening or narrowing of the valves and major blood vessels, inadequate blood flow to and from the heart, and abnormal connections between the chambers. It can also idicate more serious issues such as congenital heart defects or blockages in major arteries. Additionally, it may show signs of diseases such as congestive heart failure or coronary artery disease.

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Interpreting 60% on an Echo Report

An echocardiogram (echo) report is used to measure the amount of blood being pumped out of the left ventricle (LV) of the heart each time it contracts. A normal LV ejection fraction (LVEF) is defined as 60%, meaning that 60% of the total blood in the LV is pumped out with each contraction. This result indicates that the patient’s heart is functioning normally and can effectively pump blood throughout the body. In some cases, a lower LVEF may indicate a heart defect or an underlying cardiac condition; however, this can vary depending on a patient’s ovrall health and cardiac condition.

Detecting Heart Failure with an Echocardiogram

Yes, an echocardiogram is a test that can show signs of heart failure. This test uses sound waves to create a moving picture of your heart and its valves. It can also measure the size and thickness of the walls of your heart and how well they are working. The echocardiogram can show if there is fluid buildup in the lungs or other parts of the body, whih is a sign of heart failure. Additionally, an echocardiogram can determine if the heart muscle has weakened or if any valves are not working properly, both of which are indicators of heart failure.

Causes of Abnormal Echocardiogram Results

An abnormal echocardiogram can be caused by a variety of different factors. These may include structural abnormalities of the heart such as abnormal heart valves, cardiomyopathy (enlarged or thickened heart muscle), congenital heart defects, and/or blockages in the arteries leading to the heart. It may also be caused by a decrease in blood flow to the heart due to decreased oxygen levels, poor circulation, hypertension (high blood pressure), or oter conditions that affect blood flow. In some cases, an abnormal echocardiogram can be caused by infections or inflammation in the heart tissue.

Abnormalities That Can Be Detected on an Echocardiogram

An echocardiogram can detect a variety of abnormalities, including abnormal heart valves, congenital heart disease (abnormalities present at birth), damage to the heart muscle from a heart attack, heart murmurs, and inflammation (pericarditis) or fluid in the sac around the heart (pericardial effusion). Additionally, an echocardiogram can help diagnose certain types of arrhythmias, assess the function of the chambers and valves of the heart, as well as detect certain types of tumors or other structural issues with theheart.

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The Importance of Checking the Neck During an Echocardiogram

An echocardiogram is an imaging test that uses sound waves to produce a picture of the heart. During the procedure, the sonographer will use a transducer to move over your neck and listen for any abnormalities in blood flow in the neck vessels. This helps them check for blockages or other cardiovascular issues that may not be detected elsewhere. These abnormalities can be signs of conditions such as high blood pressure or atherosclerosis, among others. The sonographer may also turn on the Doppler setting, whch will produce a “whooshing” sound when the transducer moves over your neck. This sound is caused by the movement of blood through your vessels, and it can help indicate any abnormalities. By checking your neck during an echocardiogram, doctors and sonographers can get an accurate picture of your overall cardiovascular health and detect any potential health issues early on.

Understanding a Good Echocardiogram Score

A good echocardiogram score, or ejection fraction (EF), is considered to be between 55-65 per cent. This score indicates that the heart is functioning optimally and pumping blood efficiently. An EF below 40 per cent is usualy a sign of reduced cardiac efficiency and can indicate underlying heart problems. Your doctor will use an echocardiogram to measure your EF and determine if further tests or treatments are required.

Normal Range for Echocardiogram

An echocardiogram, or “echo”, is an ultrasound of the heart that produces images of the heart’s structure and pumping action. The results of an echocardiogram are measured in terms of ejection fraction (EF). Normal EF values range from 50-70%, meaning that the left ventricle pumps out between 50-70% of its total volume with each heartbeat. Values below 40% are considered “borderline” and may indicate a weakened heart muscle or other cardiac problems. An echocardiogram can also provide information on blood flow, valve function and other important metrics related to cardiac health.

The Effects of Walking on Ejection Fraction

No, walking does not directly improve ejection fraction. Ejection fraction is a measure of how much blood your heart pumps out with each beat, and it is determined by the size and shape of the chambers in your heart. However, walking can help improve overall cardiovascular health, whih may indirectly lead to improvements in ejection fraction over time. Walking strengthens your muscles and makes your heart work more efficiently, which can help reduce stress on the heart and lower your risk for various cardiovascular diseases. Additionally, it helps increase circulation throughout the body, resulting in better oxygenation of your muscles and organs. So while walking may not directly improve ejection fraction, it can still be an important part of maintaining healthy cardiovascular health.

Identifying Heart Failure on an Echocardiogram

On an echocardiogram, heart failure due to systolic dysfunction appears as a dilated left ventricle with a reduced ejection fraction. The left ventricle walls may appear thickened or hypertrophied, and the left atrium may be enlarged. Additionally, the Doppler flow of blood through the mitral valve may be decreased, indicating decreased forward flow. These findings help to indicate that the heart is not functioning normally and that heart failure is present.

Signs and Symptoms of Early Heart Failure

Early heart failure may be subtle and difficult to recognize, but some common symptoms can include shortness of breath with activity or when lying down, fatigue and weakness, swelling in the legs, ankles and feet, rapid or irregular heartbeat. Additionally, you may experience chest discomfort due to fluid build-up in the lungs (pulmonary edema), an inability to exercise as well as you used to, frequent urination at night (nocturia), a feeling of fullness in the abdomen due to excess fluid buildup (ascites), increased heart rate with activity (tachycardia), difficulty concentrating or confusion, and coughing that worsens when lying down. If you are experiencing any of tese symptoms it is important to speak with your doctor for a proper diagnosis.

Understanding What a Heart Echo Exam Reveals

When lookng at a heart echo, doctors are most interested in the size of the heart and how well it pumps blood. They will also look for any signs of thickening or weakening of the heart muscle, as well as any blockages or narrowing in the heart’s valves or chambers. Additionally, they use echocardiography to check for any signs of fluid buildup, abnormal rhythms, or leakage in the valves that could be caused by a hole in the wall between two of the chambers. Finally, they will look for any signs of infection or tumors inside the heart.

Should I Be Concerned About the Results of an Echocardiogram?

No, you should not be worried abut an echocardiogram. It is a noninvasive procedure that uses sound waves to create images of your heart, and does not involve radiation. The only potential discomfort may be from having to stay in one position for the duration of the test. However, this typically only lasts between 30 and 60 minutes.

The Risks of Abnormal ECG Results

If you have had an abnormal ECG, it is important to discuss the results with your doctor. Depending on what the ECG shows, your doctor will help you determine if there is cause for concern and what steps should be taken. If your ECG indicates a medical emergency, such as a heart attack or arrhythmia, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.
In othr cases, an abnormal ECG may be caused by a harmless variation in the electrical activity of your heart. In this case, it is important to discuss with your doctor any changes in symptoms or other tests that can help identify the cause of the abnormality. Even if the abnormality is not necessarily dangerous, it may still require further investigation and treatment to prevent any potential complications.
Overall, it is important to talk to your doctor if you have an abnormal ECG result so they can assess whether there is reason for concern and determine what steps need to be taken next.


In conclusion, an echocardiogram is a useful test to evaluate the condition of one’s heart and can help in diagnosing a variety of conditions. It has the ability to show problems with the heart chambers, abnormal connections betwen the heart and major blood vessels, and complex heart defects that are present at birth. An abnormal result on an echocardiogram may indicate the presence of blood clots in one of the chambers of the heart, or that one or more valves are not opening or closing properly. Additionally, a nominally “normal” LVEF of 60% can be indicative of inadequate LV performance in cases like moderate or severe mitral regurgitation. Therefore, it is important to take echocardiograms seriously and follow up with your doctor when any abnormalities are seen.

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William Armstrong

William Armstrong is a senior editor with, where he writes on a wide variety of topics. He has also worked as a radio reporter and holds a degree from Moody College of Communication. William was born in Denton, TX and currently resides in Austin.