Nuclear Weapons

As of March 2012, there were 20,500 nuclear weapons in the world, according to the Federation of American Scientists

Nation                   First Test Yr         # Warheads

United States           1945                          8,500

Russia                     1949                        11,000

United Kingdom        1952                            225

France                     1960                            300

China                       1964                            240

Israel                        1967?                     75-200

India                         1974                       80-100

Pakistan                   1998                       90-110

N. Korea                   2006                            5-6

The greatest fear in current times is the whearabouts of abandonned and stolen radioactive material as the Soviet Union collapsed and black markets flourished. Another growing issue is one of accidental detonation or sabotage, as wars become more robotic and dependent on transmission systems.

On March 30, 2012, the Washington Post announced that the Pentagon would spend $3.4 billion in the next year to develop a new generation of cyber weapons capable of disrupting enemy networks such as air defense even when they are off-line, using radio signals to insert computer code. Iran's nuclearcentrifuge program has been widely sabotaged by similar computer infiltration last year.

Much of the last 60 years were spent in "The Cold War" with the U.S. and Russia brandishing their nuclear weapons at each other, sometimes from afar, and sometimes making daring forays into each other's territory, such as the Cuban Missile Crisis, or US attempts to site anti-ballistic missiles in Eastern Europe. Not wanting to be caught in between, China, France and England developed their own weapons programs. India and Pakistan have now raised the stakes of their border skirmishes with nuclear weapons.  

Israel has been extremely secretive about its own program until recently, but is now trading nuclear threats with Iran. Each claims that the other is out to anihilate them. In January, 2012, Mostafa Ahmadi Roshan, deputy director of Iran's uranium enrichment plant, was murdered along with his body guard when two motorcyclists attached a magnetic bomb to his car, making him the 5th Iranian nuclear scientist to die in recent years. Israel's Mossad is widely credited with the killings, possibly with U.S. help.

Yet, according the the Feb. 27, 2012 Christian Science Monitor, "American intelligence agencies agree that Tehran hasn't yet decided to go for a nuclear bomb - and that even if it chose to, it would take years to create one and the means to deliver it. Israeli intelligence is also reported to have reached the same conclusion."

“A country which has dangled the sword of nuclear holocaust over the world for half a century and claims that someone else invented terrorism is a country out of touch with reality.” --John K. Stoner, 2001

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Organizations Active on Nuclear Issues

Abolition 2000, an International Network
Alliance for Nuclear Accountability, a Network

Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, Energy in Decay: Robert Alvarez, June/July 2000. Pertains to all  DOE sites.  
Council For A Livable World
Hanford Watch -Hanford Facility, WA 
Heart of America Northwest  
     8/13/02 Judge refuses improper disposal of HLRW
     Get the Decision: NRDC v. Abraham (8/9)  
     Relevant Links:  DOE Order 0 435.1
     Indian Nations Program, Hanford Site  
     Cultural and Historic Resource Program, Hanford 
     Seattle, 1/25/02- Natives Poisoned by Hanford Fish
Institute for Defense & Disarmament Studies  
International Physicians For the Prevention of Nuclear War  
Lawyers Committee On Nuclear Policy  
Natural Resources Defense Council- Play War like the Pentagon on the Internet... and see the results.
Nuclear Guardianship Library   
Nuclear Threat Reduction Campaign
Nuclear Watch New Mexico  
Nuclear Weapons Convention Working Group of Abolition 2000, Alyn Ware
Nukewatch, Waste, Missiles and project ELF  Luck, WI
Oak Ridge Environmental Peace Alliance
Oregon Peaceworks
Project Abolition, Watchdog on Weapons Corps.
Proposition One Great A-Z index of links
Rocky Flats Environmental Technology (Gov) Site
     New York Times, 12/11/01- Rocky Flats
     IEER Report on Rocky Flats Cleanup
Snake River Alliance, Watchdog for INEEL Site
     Idaho Statesman, 2/11/02- Poison in Snake River Aquifer?
Toward A Plutonium Free Future  
Tri-Valley CARES, Watchdog for Livermore Lab 
WILPF- Reaching Critical Will Initiative
 Western States Legal Foundation

Nukes In Space

Global Network Against Weapons & Nuclear Power in Space  
No Nukes North
- Alaskans Opposed to Star Wars 
& "Vision 2020," The US Miltary's Plan  to Dominate Earth from Space
Download: Star Wars and the Global War System  
"Star Wars Returns" (video) by Karl Grossman
Report of the Commission to Assess United States National Security Space Management and Organization